It is impossible to prevent or stop an earthquake. However, based on forecasts, the authorities can often notify about a possible threat. In the case of a warning about the threat of an earthquake or when it has already started, you should act quickly but calmly, confidently, and without panic.
If you were warned about an earthquake in advance:
If the earthquake has already begun:
If you decide to evacuate:
- Turn off gas, water, and electricity.
- Take the most necessary things with you: documents, a small supply of food, water, and medicines.
- When leaving, do not use the elevator; go on foot. Exit quickly but carefully: with your back to the walls, especially if you have to go downstairs.
- Find out if your relatives are safe. After making sure they are okay – help elderly neighbors, people with disabilities, pregnant women, and everyone unable to take care of themselves.
- Check the official channels where the nearest meeting point is and head to a safe place.
On the way to safe places:
The best option is to move on foot. However, if you are in a car, plan a route away from balconies, trees, and other structures that may fall. During repeated oscillations – stop, open the door and stay in the car until the oscillations stop. Do not stop under bridges, overpasses, power lines, stay away from balconies, eaves and trees.
If you are walking to a safe space:
When you have arrived at a safe location and the danger has subsided:
- Remain calm and try to comfort any children or individuals who have experienced mental trauma from the earthquake.
- Evaluate the impact of the disaster: seek medical attention if necessary. If you are well, assist the injured if possible and call for emergency services for those in need.
- If your home has been damaged and you don’t have family nearby to provide shelter, evacuation centers should offer temporary housing. After finding a place to stay, find out from local authorities the contact information for organizations offering assistance to those affected.
- If your home was not damaged, proceed with caution when returning. There is a possibility of aftershocks, gas leaks, damaged electrical lines, and broken glass.
- Avoid using open flames, heating devices, or gas stoves until you are sure it is safe.
- Stay informed of any updates or announcements from local authorities regarding the status of the threat.
Read more recommendations in the brochure